Understanding Hard and Soft Links on Linux

Understanding Hard and Soft Links on Linux | What are Hard & Soft Links in Linux?

In this tutorial, we are going to discuss what are hard and soft links with syntax and how we can understand Hard and Soft Links on Linux easily. In case, you are wondering how you can generate a shortcut on a Linux system, then this tutorial can be the perfect answer for you all. Are you Ready to Start learning about Understanding Hard and Soft Links on Linux? here you go. What Will You Learn? How does storage work on a Linux system? a – What are inodes? b – About filenames and inodes What is Soft Link And Hard Link In Linux? a – Understanding soft links b – Soft links and inodes c – Understanding hard links d – Hard links and inodes Hard or soft? What is the difference between copying and creating a hard link? Manipulating links on a Linux system a – How to create a symbolic link on Linux? b – How to delete symbolic links on Linux c – How to create a hard link on Linux d – How to remove a hard link on Linux How to find links on a filesystem Quick facts about links on Linux What Will You…

How To Install Git On Debian 10 Buster

How To Install Git On Debian 10 Buster | Debian Git Repository | Debian Buster Git

Git is the world’s famous distributed software version control system that allows you to keep track of your software at the source level. It is used by many open-source and commercial projects. In this tutorial, we will be discussing completely how to install & get started with Git on Debian 10 Buster Linux along with the introduction of Git such as what is git, git terms, git commands, and also features of git. What is Git? What is Debian? Terms of Git Git Features How To Install Git On Linux 2021? Prerequisites How to Install Git from official sources? Update your apt repositories Install Git from the official repository Steps for Installing Git From Source Install required dependencies Install documentation dependencies Install the install-info dependencies Download and build the latest Git version Configuring Git Uninstalling Git What is Git? Git is the most commonly used distributed version control system in the world created by Linus Torvalds in 2005. The popular option among open-source and other collaborative software projects is Git. Also, several project files are kept in a Git repository, and big companies like GitHub, Gitlab, or Bitbucket assist to promote software development project sharing and collaboration. Mainly, the Git tool is utilized by development teams to…

Syslog The Complete System Administrator Guide

Syslog: The Complete System Administrator Guide

Guys who hold Linux systems & who work as system administrators can get a high opportunity to work with Syslog, at least one time. When you are working to system logging on Linux system then it is pretty much connected to the Syslog protocol. It is a specification that defines a standard for message logging on any system. Developers or administrators who are not familiar with Syslog can acquire complete knowledge from this tutorial. Syslog was designed in the early ’80s by Eric Allman (from Berkeley University), and it works on any operating system that implements the Syslog protocol. The perfect destination that you should come to learn more about Syslog and Linux logging, in general, is this Syslog: The Complete System Administrator Guide and other related articles on Junosnotes.com Here is everything that you need to know about Syslog: What is the purpose of Syslog? What is Syslog architecture? How Syslog Architecture Works?  The Syslog Format What is the Syslog message format? a – What are Syslog facility levels? b – What are Syslog severity levels? c – What is the PRI part? d – What is the HEADER part? How does Syslog message delivery work? a – What is…

How To Install and Configure Debian 10 Buster with GNOME

How To Install and Configure Debian 10 Buster with GNOME

Do you need an ultimate Guide to Install and Configure Debian 10 Buster with GNOME? This tutorial is the best option for you. Here, we have provided step-by-step instructions about how to install Debian 10 Buster with a GNOME desktop. Just have a look at the features of the Debian 10 before entering to discuss how to install and configure it using GNOME. What is Debian? Features of Debian 10 Buster Suggested System Requirements for Debian 10 How to Install and Configure Debian 10 with GNOME? Steps to Create a Bootable USB stick on Linux Follow the Debian 10 Graphical Installation Steps Steps to Configure your Debian 10 Buster What is Debian? Debian is an operating system for a wide range of devices including laptops, desktops, and servers. The developers of Debian will provide the security updates for all packages for almost of their lifetime. The current stable distribution of Debian is version 10, codenamed buster. Check out the features of the current version of the buster from the below modules. Features of Debian 10 Buster Initially, it was released on the 6th of July 2019, and it has come with a lot of very great features for system administrators.…

How To Install Logstash on Ubuntu 18.04 and Debian 9

How To Install Logstash on Ubuntu 18.04 and Debian 9 | Tutorial on Logstash Configuration

Are you searching various websites to learn How To Install Logstash on Ubuntu 18.04 and Debian 9? Then, this tutorial is the best option for you all as it covers the detailed steps to install and configure the Logstash on Ubuntu 18.4 and Debian 9. If you are browsing this tutorial, it is apparently because you preferred to bring Logstash into your infrastructure. Logstash is a powerful tool, but you have to install and configure it properly so make use of this tutorial efficiently. What is Logstash? Why do we use Logstash? Prerequisites Steps to Install install Logstash on Ubuntu and Debian 1 – Install the latest version of Java 2 – Add the GPG key to install signed packages 3 – Install Logstash with apt 4 – Personalize Logstash with configuration files 5 – Monitoring Logstash using the Monitoring API Installing Logstash on macOS with Homebrew Starting Logstash with Homebrew What is Logstash? Logstash is a lightweight, open-source, server-side data processing pipeline that lets you get data from different sources, transform it on the fly, and send it to your aspired destination. It is used as a data processing pipeline for Elasticsearch, an open-source analytics and search engine that points at…

Tcpdump Command in Linux

tcpdump is a command-line utility that you can manage to capture and examine network traffic going to and from your system. It is the most regularly used tool amongst network administrators for troubleshooting network issues and security testing. Notwithstanding its name, with tcpdump, you can also catch non-TCP traffic such as UDP, ARP, or ICMP. The captured packets can be written to a file or standard output. One of the most critical features of the tcpdump command is its capacity to use filters and charge only the data you wish to analyze. In this article, you will learn the basics of how to use the tcpdump command in Linux. Installing tcpdump tcpdump is installed by default on most Linux distributions and macOS. To check if the tcpdump command is available on your system type: $ tcpdump –version The output should look something like this: Output: tcpdump version 4.9.2 libpcap version 1.8.1 OpenSSL 1.1.1b 26 Feb 2019 If tcpdump is not present on your system, the command above will print “tcpdump: command not found.” You can easily install tcpdump using the package manager of your distro. Installing tcpdump on Ubuntu and Debian $ sudo apt update && sudo apt install tcpdump…

Pwd Command in Linux (Current Working Directory)

Among those who work with Linux, the command’ pwd’ is very helpful that tells the directory you are in, starting from the root directory (/). For Linux newbies, who may get lost amid the wide variety of directories found on the command line, ‘pwd’ (Print Working Directory) comes to the rescue. ‘pwd ‘stands for ‘print working directory’ As you can tell, the command ‘pwd ‘prints where the user is currently at. It prints the current directory name, combined with the complete path, with the root folder listed first. This manual command is built into the shell and is available on most of the shells. If both ‘-L ‘and ‘-P’ options are used, option ‘L ‘is taken into priority. If a choice isn’t specified at the prompt, pwd will only traverse symbolic links, i.e., take option -P into consideration. Using the pwd command, we will demonstrate how to identify your current working directory. What is the working directory? The working directory is that in which the user is currently working. When you are working in the command prompt each time, you are in a directory. The default directory in which a Linux system opens when it is first booted is a…

Linux Tee Command with Examples

The tee command records from the regular input and writes both standard output and one or more files simultaneously. Tee is frequently used in sequence with other commands through piping. In this article, we will cover the basics of working the tee command. tee Command Syntax The syntax for the tee command is as below: tee [OPTIONS] [FILE] Where OPTIONS can be: -a (–append) – Do not overwrite the files; instead, affix to the given files. -i (–ignore-interrupts) – Ignore interrupt signals. Use tee –help to view all available options. FILE_NAMES – One or more files. Each of which the output data is written to  How to Use the tee Command The tee command’s most basic method represents the standard output (stdout) of a program and writing it in a file. In the below example, we use the df command to get information about the available disk space on the file system. The output is piped to the tee command, expressing the result to the terminal, and writes the same information to the file disk_usage.txt. $ df -h | tee disk_usage.txt Output: Filesystem      Size  Used Avail Use% Mounted on dev             7.8G     0  7.8G   0% /dev run             7.9G  1.8M  7.9G   1%…

How to Rename Files and Directories in Linux

Renaming documents is one of the most common tasks you regularly want to carry out on a Linux system. You can rename documents by use of a GUI document manager or through the command-line terminal. Renaming a single document is not hard however renaming more than one document at once may be a challenge, especially for customers who’re new to Linux. In this tutorial, we will display you the way to use the mv and rename instructions to rename documents and directories. Renaming Files with the mv Command The mv command (short of circulate) is used to rename or circulate documents from one region to another. Syntax used for the mv command is as follows: mv [OPTIONS] source destination Copy The source may be one or more documents, or directories and destination may be a single document or directory. If you specify more than one document as source, the destination should be a directory. In such cases, the source documents are transferred to the targeted directory. If you specify a single document as source, and the destination target is a current directory, then the document is moved to the required directory. To rename a document, you want to specify a…

How to Rename Directories in Linux

Renaming directories is one of the most primary operations you frequently want to perform on a Linux system. You can rename directories from the GUI document manager with more than one click or the use of the command-line terminal. This article explains a way to rename directories by the use of the command-line. Renaming Directories In Linux and Unix-like running systems, you may use the mv (short of move) command to rename or circulate documents and directories from one place to any other. The syntax of the mv command for shifting directories is as follows: mv [OPTIONS] source destination For instance, to rename the listing dir1as dir2 you will run: mv dir1 dir2 When renaming directories, you need to specify precisely arguments to the mv command. The first argument is the present name of the directory, and the second argument is the new name. It is essential to notice that if dir2 already exists, dir1 is moved to the dir2 directory. To rename a listing that isn’t in the present  running directory, you want to specify both absolutely the or relative path: mv /home/user/dir1 /home/user/dir2 Renaming Multiple Directories It is easy  to rename a single directory challenge, however renaming more…